It really is yet again not a chapter in the genealogy and. Mostly we come on the genealogy in the first place even to this question. As we have therefore collected some information about his ancestors and the further one goes back, in the table, the less clear is the person assigned. gave surnames / last names, it just still does not. They formed out only when more people lived in a settlement and therefore no distinction was made solely by the nickname. The origin of the name accompanying it is very different, and may be oriented to occupations, and appearances on behalf of the institution or place of origin. Most surnames originated independently several times.
A small example of an approach on how to explore the origins of his own family name, you can find on this, the name of vineyards dedicated website. Surnames can be derived from the profession, we know names such as blacksmith or miller, it may have been a property of the person, we know long or short, etc., also a place can be the starting point of a name. Of floodplain to Zwickau may have been named after places or just someone who lived by the pond, which was from the pond. If the name is very old, should be absolutely sure that we shall examine the language at the time of creation was widespread. Often you have to look up in Old High German, to find gold. Finally, it is advisable also to investigate the local origin of the name. This operation will then probably be already necessary to seek one or the other archive.
Finally is should be mentioned that a family name can be considered established if it is traceable at least three generations. Nevertheless, even a cessation of the name certainly occur, for example, if the name was not passed on by marriage. Who has become a curious kind, like to visit the above website. Have fun.