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Old Kingdom

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Feature of the central apparatus of Egypt in the indivisibility of the court functions (carrier royal sandal was at the same time the commander of the army). Period Old Kingdom takes place in the architectural competition governors, each of whom wanted to perpetuate his stay in this world and surpass their predecessors in this. Djoser combines sun worship with the cult of the pharaoh and seizes power of the priest. His funeral facility in Saqqara appears as a stepped pyramid. Sehemhet – lays the funerary complex with a step pyramid, larger than the pyramid of Djoser, but does not finish it. In a question-answer forum US Senator from Vermont was the first to reply. Along all borders are constructed with a fortress wall, 12 km long along the river Nile, at the island fillet.

Sanaht, competing with their predecessors laid, among other things, the mausoleum-like mausoleum of Djoser, but his tomb was just installed in a location and then rose funeral temple Unas. Cheops appoints his sons high priests Neheba, the holy city of contrast Nehena, and Pe, the holy city in front of Butoh. Building the first Great Pyramid at Giza, a necropolis with all around her, which later became one of the wonders of the world. continued centralization of political and religious authority. Builds the second Great Pyramid at Giza, with a gigantic temple-tomb, and a granite temple in the valley.

Unas pyramid erected by decorating it inside 'Pyramid Texts' and 'Wisdom of Ptah-Hotepa' two most important Egyptian texts, which have reached us. These texts represent an invaluable source of information about the religion of ancient Egypt. Copies are available in pyramids next rulers of this dynasty, as well – with additions, clarifications, changes and distortions – in the tombs of private individuals throughout the dynastic period. In addition to the architecture of this period is characterized by fierce the struggle for religious monopoly between priests and pharaohs. Depending on the ruler, rule, or belonged to priests of the cult, or was executed by the pharaoh. And in this case, repressed priests imposed curse effect of which continues in the tombs of the present day, being a big mystery for scientists. Limited part of the state apparatus was the army, while it were equipped for the royal collection of free Egyptians and consisted of detachments of infantry, armed with bows, spears and short swords. Nomes administrative staff copied the central authority and is also divided into divisions and ranks, but of regional significance. As a rule, nomes Office is headed by nomarch, representatives of the ancient aristocracy, whose power passed from father to son, forming nomes dynasty. A number of inscriptions found the terms '' and 'kenbet' that denote likely directions that govern the lives of communities. Developed in the era of the ancient kingdom system of government, assuming absolute power of the monarch (deified), based on branched unit numerous officials defined as autocratic monarchy type, or ancient oriental despotism. After the cessation of vi Dynasty (mid-XXIII in. BC) memfeskih power of kings is nominal. The country disintegrated into many independent principalities, consisting of one or more polynomials. The era of the Old Kingdom completes a period of decline and fragmentation of ancient Egypt.

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