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National Institute Education

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When we analyze the history of the education in Brazil, in a general way, according to Januzzi (1992), we observe that all the reformularizations suffered for the same one had been always on the interests of the ruling classes. While the elite could search education in the exterior, she made thus it. When the alfabetizao became condicionante factor the vote, extended the access when knowing pertaining to school. When the economy started to demand instrumentalizada man power, the popular masses had been called to the school. The popular education was being conceived in the measure of the necessity for the subsistence of the dominant system, until the popular movements had started to demand the education as right. The evolution of the Special Education in Brazil according to Mazzota (1996, p.27) can be divided in two distinct periods: of 1854 the 1956 (official and particular initiatives) and of 1957 the 1993 (official initiatives nationwide). Previously, in 1600, time of Brazil – colony, the attendance started to be made with an only carrying pupil of physical deficiency in a specialized and particular institution, in So Paulo. After a long period without evolution, the member of the house of representatives Cornlio France, in 1835, presented a project, that soon was filed, considering the creation of the position of professor of first letters for the deaf person-dumb education.

The first period, in accordance with Mazzota (1996, p.27), has beginning when emperor D. Peter II, through imperial decree 428 established the National Institute of the Blind people. This initiative if gave on the part of lvares de Azevedo that was blind and attended a course the Institute of the Young Blind people of Paris, it made what it if to pledge in the cause due to the abandonment of the blind people in Brazil. It was still D.Pedro II that it established the Imperial Institute of Deaf person-Dumb, that after one hundred years, passed if to call National Institute Education of Deaf people (INES), through the law n 3,198, of 6 of July.

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